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Unit 2 English around the world 學案

[日期:2017/10/12 15:08:00] 閱讀:3487

高一英語備課組集體備課稿   主備人:廖梅芳

一、        教學內容: Book 1 Unit 1 English around the world

二、   教學重點和難點:

教學重點:核心詞匯的講解及擴展

教學難點:句型,語法(直接引語與間接引語)以及閱讀能力的提高

三、   重點探討,精講精練(參考《完美課堂》同步資料書中的講解)

 

一.   詞匯表里重點單詞及短語分析:

1. voyage  航海

  go on a voyage/ make a voyage

  e.g: He's planning to make a voyage to Canada. 

   voyage 尤指航海旅行

travel  旅行的總稱

journey  長途陸路旅行

trip 短途旅行

tour  團隊觀光;巡演

2. because of  由于,因為

  because of + sth./ sb.

  e.g:1.There are many homeless people because of the earthquake.

2. Because of you I find it hard to trust not only me but everyone around me. 

  because + 句子

  e.g: He can't go to school because he's ill today.

3. native

  adj.  本國的,本土的

     native people(當地人).

     native place(出生地).  

     native land(祖國).

  be native to... (動植物)原產于某地

  e.g: The plant is native to the eastern US.

4. come up

  (1)走進;趕上;上來

    e.g: A child came up to me and showed me the way to the station.

  (2)提出討論, 談到.(本身為被動的意思,不變被動)

    Sth come up

    e.g: Your question came up at the meeting.

Sb come up with sth提出(想法,建議);找到(答案);想出

    e.g: You can come up with an idea to settle this problem.

(3) (尤指意想不到的事情)發生

     I'll let you know if anything comes up.

5. actually = in fact = as a matter of fact  adv. 事實上,實際上    

  e.g: He looked calm, but actually he was very nervous.    

6. base

 (1)  vt. ...為基礎 

    be based on/upon

    e.g: One's opinion should always be based on facts.

(2) n. 根基;基礎;基地

basic adj. 基本的;基礎的;根本的

basically adv. 基本地;基礎地

7. present

 (1) adj. 在場的,出席的

       be present at 出席            

        e.gHow many people were present at the meeting?  

        be absent from 缺席 

        e.gMary is absent from the class(曠課).

   adj. 目前的,當前的

       present situation

(2)  n. 現在      

      at present 現在;目前  

      e.gAt present, I don't want to get married.

    n. 禮物 = gift

      e.gI will give you a present.

(3)  vt. 呈現;提出      

     present sth. to sb. 向某人提出某物  

     You can present your ideas to the teacher.

     How will you present your project(項目)?

8. make use of  利用

e.g: We must make use of every minute to study.    

    make good use of 好好利用

    make full use of 充分利用

    make the best use 最好地利用

    make better use of 更好地利用

9. latter 

the former..., the latter... 前者...,后者...  

  e.g: She has two good friends, Lily and Mary. The former is good at dance, the latter is good at singing.

 (系列中的)最后的;末尾的         

   e.g:  Listen to the latter part of Barry's story.

Latter 后者

Later 之后

Latest 最新的

Late 遲到

10. command

(1)  n. 命令;指令      

 under one's command 在某人的指揮下       

 e.g: The army is under the king's command.     

 have a good command of 精通

 e.g: He has a good command of French.

 (2)  vt.  指揮;命令

command sb. to do sth.

 e.g: The policeman commanded the thief to stop.

 command that + sb. (should) + v.(原形)

 e.g: The teacher commanded that he (should) go out of the classroom.

11. request

 (1) n. 請求;要求            

 make a request for.. 請求...

 e.g: We should make a request for help.   

 e.g: My request is that you (should) help me.   

 (2)  vt.  要求,請求

 request sb. to do sth.

 e.g: May I request you to stop talking?

 request that + sb. (should) + v.(原形)

 e.g: I requested that he (should) come an hour earlier.

12. play a part in = play a role in

13. recognize ------ n. recognition

 recognize one’s voice/ sb 認出某人/ 某人的聲音

 recognize sb as/ to be 承認…………

 recognize that…

二.課文里重點句式

1. Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English.

even if =even though “即使”, 用來引導一個讓步狀語從句, 后面既可以用陳述語氣, 也可用虛擬語氣, 但是even if / though 引導的從句不用將來時。如:

e.g: Even if it rains tomorrow, we will leave for Beijing.

if, as if, even if填空。

(1) _________ I had money, I wouldn’t buy it.

(2) ____ I had money, I would buy it.

(3) It looks _____ it is going to rain.

even if 引導讓步狀語從句;

if 引導條件狀語從句;

as if/ though “似乎是…”引導方式狀語從句

 

2. It was based on German than the English we speak at present.

more…than… ……而不是……;

與其說……不如說……; (中間接相同成分)

e.g: He is more a friend than a teacher.

e.g: He is more lazy than stupid.

擴展: more than 不僅僅; 多于; 十分

e.g. He is more than a teacher in our school.

e.g: He made more than ten friends in this club.

e.gShe is more than beautiful.

rather than 而不是; less than少于;other than  ……之外

 

3. Believe it or notthere is no such thing as standard English.信不信由你,(世界上)沒有什么標準英語。

  there is no such...(as...) “沒有(像……)這樣的……”。

no such+單數名詞 =not such a/an +單數名詞 “沒有這樣的

(1)There is __________(not such a) man in our neighborhood.

我們小區沒有這樣的人。

(2)世上沒有免費的午餐。

                                           a free lunch.

4. So people from the mountains in the southeastern USA speak with almost the same dialect as people in the northwestern USA.

所以來自美國東南部山區的人和來自美國西北部的人幾乎說著同樣的方言。

e.g: He is not the same man as he was. 他和過去不同了。

e.g:This is the same pen that I used yesterday.這就是我昨天用那支筆。

(1)the same...as...與……相同,和……一樣,表示同類的事物。

(2)the same...that...表示同一個事物。

[即時跟蹤]

(1)我喜歡使用和你們車間所使用的一樣的機器。

I would like to use                      is used in your workshop.

(2)他戴著昨天戴的那頂帽子。

He wears                             he wore yesterday.

三.單元語法:直接引語與間接引語

1. 人稱變化

  一隨主,二隨賓,第三人稱不更新

1. He said, "I watched the football game yesterday."

  He said that ___ had watched the football game the day before.

2. She said to me, "You had better get there earlier."

  She told me that ___ had better get there earlier.

3. "She likes shopping on the Internet." said Tom.

  Tom said that ____ liked shopping on the Internet.

4. He said, "I am proud of my motherland."

  He said that ____ was proud of _____motherland.

5. "You are wasting your time!"he said to Mary.

  He said to Mary that ____ was wasting ____ time.

2. 時態變化

(1)如果直接引語是客觀事實真理規律,變間接引用時態不變。

   The teacher told his students, "The earth goes around the sun."

   The teacher told his students that the earth goes around the sun.

(2)如果主語的謂語動詞是現在時或者將來時,間接引語時態不變。

   She says, "I like popular songs."   

   She says that she likes popular songs.

(3)如果主語的謂語動詞是一般過去時,間接引語時態變化如下。

直接引語

間接引語

一般現在時

一般過去時

現在進行時

過去進行時

現在完成時

過去完成時

一般過去時

過去完成時

過去完成時

過去完成時

一般將來時

一般將來時

 

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